Paul Whiteman

Born

  • March 28, 1890
  • Denver, CO

Died

  • December 29, 1967
  • Doylestown, PA

Marriages

  • Nellie Stack (1908-?)
  • Miss Jimmy Smith (?-1922)
  • Mildred Vanderhoff (1922-1931)
  • Margaret Livingston (1931-1967)

Theme Song

  • Rhapsody in Blue

Paul Whiteman

Though called the ''King of Jazz,'' Paul Whiteman was anything but. During his long career as an orchestra leader he rarely ventured into jazz territory. Whiteman's greatest legacy to jazz lies in his eye for talent. Whiteman alumni include such luminaries as Jimmy Dorsey, Tommy Dorsey, Jack Teagarden, Charlie Teagarden, Bix Beiderbecke, Bunny Berigan, Bing Crosby, Mildred Bailey, and Johnny Mercer.

Technicalities aside, Paul Whiteman was one of the most important figures in twentieth century American pop music. Formed at a time when the country's musical landscape was changing, Whiteman's orchestra broke much new ground. His was the first orchestra to popularize arrangements, the first to use full reed and brass sections, the first to play in vaudeville, the first to travel to Europe, the first to use a female singer (Bailey), and the first to use a vocal trio (the Rhythm Boys).

Born in Denver to a musical family, Whiteman learned violin and viola as a boy, eventually landing a spot in the Denver Symphony Orchestra. He later traveled to San Francisco, where he was a member of several classical ensembles. It was in San Francisco that he became interested in the popular music of the day and decided to pursue a career in it. He was sidetracked by WWI, however, during which he trained musicians in the Naval Training Camp Symphony. After the war he returned to San Francisco and formed a dance band, later moving to Southern California before heading to the East Coast. The group made his first recording for Victor in August of 1920, and Whiteman went on to become the most successful recording artist of the 1920s.

Whiteman continued leading his orchestra into the late 1930s, but by that time his music sounded old-fashioned when compared to the ''modern'' rhythms of Benny Goodman and Tommy Dorsey. In 1938 Whiteman tried unsuccessfully to revamp his style, hiring new arrangers and bringing in the Modernaires to sing. When that failed he disbanded the old group and started a new one, only to disband it shortly thereafter in order to star in the film Strike Up the Band. He formed another group at the end of 1940, finally achieving the modern sound for which he was looking. In 1942 he broke his long absence from the recording studios to lay down two sides* for the newly-formed Capitol Records (co-founded by Whiteman alumnus Mercer).

As it did to all bandleaders during WWII the draft eventually took its toll on Whiteman's line-up, and he soon disbanded his outfit. In 1944 he organized and toured with a new nostalgic orchestra. After the war Whiteman settled down at ABC, conducting studio orchestras for radio and television. He eventually hosted his own show in the mid-1950s. Paul Whiteman died in 1967.

*One of those sides was ''Travelin' Light,'' with vocals by Billie Holiday, available on the album Sentimental Journey.